Dental implants are used as a substitute for the root of a tooth. If one or more teeth are missing, for reasons such as decay, disease or injury, implants can replace lost teeth. An implant is placed in or on the jawbone, where it fuses with the natural bone, to form a base for replacement teeth.
Most implants are made from titanium, but they differ in type, size and height. The type that a dentist recommends will be based on several factors, such as bone height in the jaw, as well as the location and number of teeth needing replacing. Implants can also be classified according to whether they are single stage or two stage procedures.
An endosteal implant is surgically placed in the jawbone, and is a two stage procedure. It’s the most common type of implant. It normally takes the form of screws, plates or cylinders. When the gum tissue has healed, surgery is required to connect a post to the implant.
An artificial tooth is then attached to the post and multiple teeth are attached to a bridge or denture. An endosteal implant is generally used as an alternative for patients with removable dentures or bridges.
A subperiosteal implant is a metal frame fitted onto the jawbone, immediately below the gum tissue. The frame fixes to the jawbone as it heals. A post is attached to the frame and an artificial tooth is then mounted onto it.
Unlike endosteal implants, which are placed inside the bone, subperiosteal are placed on top. This makes the post protrude through the gum to hold the artificial tooth in place. This implant is the most common single stage implant procedure. A subperiosteal implant is preferable for patients who may have minimal bone height or are unable to wear conventional dentures.
Think you might need dental implants? Get in touch and book your free consultation with Sensu today, and we’ll advise you on the best steps to take.